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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

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PARGANA MXT.                                                        38T
ibout 24,000 acres are under chcwd, 18,000 under wheat, and 13,000 tinder
Darley.   Though there are indigo factories at four places, viz , Lohi, Karahri,
Bhulai and Arua, the first named lias almost entirely suspended operations, and
at the other three the plant used is mainly grown in villages across the  border
in the Aligarh district.    The most productive lands are the alluvial flats, which,
in the rains, form part of the river bed; the high bank that bounds them is
generally bare and broken, and the soil further inland poor and sandy, where
the only trees that thrive well are mm, fards and baluL    Connection with the
opposite parganas of Kosi, Chhata, and Mathura, is maintained by two bridges
of boats (the one from Chhin-pahari by Noh-jhil to Sher-garh, tie other from
Dangoli to Brinda-ban,) and as many as seven ferries, at Hae-pur, Earidam-pur,
Musinina, Sum, Ohawa, lioli Guzar, and Mat.    Scarcely any attempt has been
made to provide for internal communication.    In the  whole pargana there is
not a single yard of metalled road, except in the Mat bazar, where it has been
constructed out of the   Chaukidsiri tax; the only bit of first-class unmctalled
road is the four miles from Noh-jhil to the Sher-garh bridge ; the remaining   .
thoroughfares are for the most part narrow, winding cart tracks, sunk so much
below the level of the adjoining fields that in the rains they assume the appear-
ance of small rivers,    In 1856, a strip of land was taken up of sufficient width,
for the construction of a good broad road to extend from the Brinda-ban bridge
to the town of Noh-jhil, thus traversing all the southern half of the pargana.
But little was done beyond marking it out; and as all the lower part of it for
some miles lies across the ravines, where it was annually cut away by the rains,
it was for at least six months in the year all but impassable ; the sum allowed
for its maintenance, Rs. 5 a mile,  being considered quite inadequate to carry
out more than the most superficial repairs.   However, before I left the district,
I was able to accomplish this most desirable work, and that without any addi-
tional grant for the purpose, simply by concentrating the whole of each succes»
sive annual allotment on a particular part of the rdad, instead of dribbling it
out over the entire length of 22 miles.   Every year I built a culver!; or two3 or
a bridge, burning the bricks and lime on the spot, employing local workmen
and doing nothing by contract; and the result, after four years, was a perma-
nently good level road, over which it was quite possible to drive in an English
buggy.    The road connects three places of some importance in the pargana,, tag.,
Mat, Surir and Noh-jhil at the one end with Sher-garh, which is a perfect ter-
minus of roads, and at the other with Brinda-ban and Mathura; while & short
branch from Mat would bring it in contact with the station on the new line of
railway at Raya, and another from Noh-jhil with the market of Bajana.